Governing protracted displacement in Italy
An analysis of legal and policy structures shaping protracted displacement situations
by Emanuela Roman/FIERI
Within the European Union (EU), Italy is one of the main countries of transit and destination for migrants coming from Africa and Asia, including a significant component of forced migrants and protection seekers. In particular, Italy is the first European country of arrival for many migrants and asylum seekers crossing the Mediterranean from North Africa (mainly but not exclusively from Libya and Tunisia). Along with maritime migration flows, Italy has been receiving growing numbers of (forced) migrants entering the country through its Eastern land borders, mainly coming from Pakistan and Afghanistan, and transiting through Greece and the Balkans. These persons often find themselves in situations of protracted precariousness, vulnerability and marginalisation, both in terms of their legal status, attached rights and socio-economic conditions. Such situations of protracted displacement are largely (although not exclusively) determined by the legal and policy structures governing migration, asylum and mobility. This internal report analyses the regulatory framework which applies in Italy, and which impacts on the daily lives and future aspirations of protractedly displaced people. This report contributed to the formulation of TRAFIG Working Paper no. 3 “Governing Protracted Displacement: An analysis across global, regional and domestic contexts”.
You can download the Report here
Protracted displacement in the Horn of Africa
This case study provides an overview on protracted displacement in the Horn of Africa and aims to uncover evidence on transnational and translocal connectivity and mobility of displaced populations in the region. This internal background document contributed to the formulation of TRAFIG Working Paper no. 2 “Learning from the past. Protracted displacement in the post-World War II period.” within TRAFIG Work Package 2: “Learning from the past”.
The objective of this case study is to review academic and literature issued by relevant actors in the field of protracted displacement such as international organisations, NGOs or governments to answer the questions whether and how transnational and translocal connectivity and mobility contributes to self-reliance and resilience of displaced populations, both internally and across borders, in the region. In addition, the study looks at policy responses to protracted displacement in the Horn of Africa.
You can downlad the internal report here.
Photo by Martin Wagner (ICMPD), taken at Tate Modern London showing “The British Library 2014” by Yinka Shonibare CBE. The exhibition shows an installation of books individually covered in ‘Dutch wax print’ fabric. The majority of books are of first- or second-generation immigrants to Britain, both celebrated and lesser-known, who have made significant contributions to British culture and history.